Market Buildings, that is, one-, two- or three-storied colonnaded porticoes with attached outbuildings, generally containing multiple workshops, storage spaces and other facilities andlocated on or near the city’s central market square (agora) are a typical feature of Greek cities inHellenistic and Roman Asia Minor. Surprisingly, despite their relatively abundant attestation(including a recent find at Sagalassos in Pisidia) and clear commercial focus (also evident fromwritten sources in which they are mentioned), these buildings have mostly been studied for theirarchitectural features alone. With this project we propose the first systematic study of the economicrole and function of Market Buildings (both their physical aspects and the institutional context ofwhich they were part) in the cities of Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor, based on an integrated andtheoretically informed analysis of the available archaeological and written evidence. This study ofMarket Buildings will also contribute substantially to the debate on the ancient, particularly theRoman, economy, which has in recent decades been characterized far too much by high-levelabstract modelling and haphazard use of archaeological data, without much attention for the localcivic socio-political context of most ancient economic activity. With this project we hope tocontribute to refocusing scholarly attention to just this (complex) local context.