This project aims to investigate China's relational power and critique the so-called 'China's sharp power’ in China's diplomacy. This research will theorise the ‘relational power’ derived from pluralistically imagined ‘Chineseness’. The main hypothesis of this study is that the interactive relationship between China and Taiwan depends on pluralistically imagined ‘Chineseness’ and that this relationship provides a platform to develop some form of fluidity, promotes the spread of China’s ‘relational power’ and Taiwan’s agency. This study will conduct quantitative research based on a corpus of Chinese diplomatic discourse. It aims to chart the emergence of Confucian and Buddhist discourses in China’s diplomatic discourses. Meanwhile, this research plans to utilise qualitative studies on some Chinese and Taiwanese Confucians and Buddhist institutions to explore their perceptions of ‘Chineseness’.