Immanuel Kant’s Deduction of the Categories of Quantity as a Stepping Stone to Explore the Relation between Transcendental and Formal Logic and their respective Metaphysical Implications

Start - End 
2020 - 2024 (ongoing)
Type 
Department(s) 
Department of Philosophy and moral sciences
Research Methodology 

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Abstract

For many years there have been discussions about how exactly
Immanuel Kant’s categories of quantity should be derived from the
quantitative forms of judgment. This research proposal aims to
connect this debate, which we call the "Derivation Controversy," to an
analysis of the distinction between formal and transcendental logic,
as well as to an analysis of the relation between logic and
metaphysics in Kant's philosophy. The debate is characterized by a
remarkable presence of realist suppositions. In light of Kant's
transcendental idealist project, we deem this observation worrisome.
Due to this realist turn of the debate the idea of the 'constitution of
the object' has been increasingly disconnected from research into the
nature of the categories and into Kant's transcendental logic in
general. We develop a methodological framework for re-integrating
the idea of object-constitution in analyses of transcendental logic,
and hence also in the Derivation Controversy. Our methodology
culminates in the contention (i) that transcendental logic, although
general in nature, also needs to anticipate a singular use of the
categories and (ii) that this is reflected by the derivation of the
category of totality from the singular judgment. This will be
investigated by way of the idea that an account of the specificity of
the Kantian logical system must include an analysis of its
metaphysical implications.

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