The early twentieth century saw the emergence of an avant-garde culture, which marked a turning point in the literary history of Spain. Until recently, the dominant approach to Spanish vanguard poetry, has been a generational one. Critics have tended to focus on male poets identified with the “Generation of 1927”, which has been seen as a predominantly Spanish phenomenon and studied in isolation from European modernism. This project takes a different approach by examining a group of Spanish women poets of the interwar period who engaged with avant-garde themes and participated in transnational literary circles. The goal of the project is to rethink their position in the ranks of the avant-garde and to compare their work with that of their European and Latin American counterparts. To do so, it examines Spanish women’s involvement in the Brussels-based avant-garde circles La Lanterne Sourde and Amitiés hispano-belgo-américaines. It also considers their participation in Latin American literary clubs and their reception across the Atlantic. By looking at poetry collections, literary circles and avant-garde magazines, this project questions Spain’s exclusion from studies of the international avant-garde and views Spanish women poets as mediators across cultural and geographical borders.