Roman public baths have been described as markers for the Roman culture and the Roman way of life. The decline of the Western Roman Empire has hence been seen as the start of the decline of the Roman bathing habits. Recent historical and archaeological research shows that the Late Antique Romans did in fact still build and restore in public baths, despite a general drop in building activity and a new Christian moral that opposed all type of debauchery. The doctoral research focusses on the period between AD 400 and AD 700, assembling the archaeological and textual evidence to get a better idea of the Roman bathing habits in Late Antiquity. The geographical context of the study includes the Italian Peninsula, North Africa and the Palestine region.