Sourcing the stone in Roman northern Gaul. On the provenance, use and socio-economics of stone artefacts in a stoneless landscape. The case of the northern civitas Menapiorum

Start - End 
2013 - 2018 (completed)
Department of Archaeology
Research Focus 
Research Period 
Research Region 
Research Language 
Research Methodology 
Additional tags 
Material culture studies
Archaeometrical research



The research project puts a focus on stone artefacts (millstones, hone stones, etc.) traded, used and discarded in (the northern parts of) the Roman ‘Civitas Menapiorum’ and its neighbouring regions. This area is formed by the current Belgian provinces of East- and West-Flanders together with the Dutch province of Zeeland and is geologically characterized by the quasi absence of natural stone outcrops, suitable for use in domestic context.

Yet stone was used in every-day activities such as grinding and whetting, which implies it was imported as a finished or half-finished product from regions outside the civitas. The study therefore aims to investigate the provenance, the product supplies/distribution networks, but also the use of the stone artefacts within a spatial, technological, typological and chronological framework. Studying these artefacts will provide further insight into the socio-economic processes of these local ‘Gallo-Roman’ communities and their networks with the wider context of the northern parts of the Empire. The multidisciplinary approach will combine classic context-based typo-chronological study with archaeometrical analyses (petrography, chemical analysis).



Phd Student(s)