Trade communities, cultural interaction and foreign exchanges in Canton, Bengal and Nagasaki. A comparative approach against the background of China's foreign policy during the Ming-Qing period (18th century)

Start - End 
2014 - 2017 (ongoing)
Department of History
Department of Languages and Cultures
Research Period 
Research Region 
Research Language 
Research Methodology 



This PhD research is a comparative historical anthropology of cross-cultural interaction and local exchange-relations in late 18th-century China (Guangzhou), Japan (Dejima) and India (Bengal & Ganges-delta region).In this research, cross-cultural interaction is considered as a specific process consisting of improvised encounters and practical exchanges as performative elements of connected histories. It investigates the cultural dimension and re-contextualisation of such exchanges involving European maritime traders (mostly from an Ostend Company and VOC- background) and Muslim trading networks, through a 'connected comparison' of above-mentioned localities, placed in the wider framework of an Indian Ocean World. Finally, this research also attempts to include a critical theoretical perspective on early-modern 'world history'.The PhD.-research is part of a larger international & interdisciplinary research project on Chinese global maritime history called  "Seafaring, Trade and Knowledge Transfer: Maritme Politics and Commerce in Early Middle Period to Early Modern China" (funded by the Gerda Henkel Stiftung and supervised by Prof. Dr. Angela Schottenhammer of Salzburg University).




Phd Student(s)


Angela Schottenhammer